The Mid South has the highest concentration of persistent poverty (a poverty rate of greater than 20% for at least 30 years) in the nation. According to the U.S. Treasury Department, 384 counties and parishes are in persistent poverty. Over 20 million individuals reside in these counties. The vast majority of persistent poverty counties are rural. Concentration of persistent poverty occur in Appalachia, the Deep South, the Colonias, and Native American lands.